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A high-quality science education provides the foundations for understanding the world through the specific disciplines of biology, chemistry and physics. Science has changed our lives and is vital to the world’s future prosperity, and all pupils should be taught essential aspects of the knowledge, methods, processes and uses of science. Through building up a body of key foundational knowledge and concepts, pupils should be encouraged to recognise the power of rational explanation and develop a sense of excitement and curiosity about natural phenomena. They should be encouraged to understand how science can be used to explain what is occurring, predict how things will behave, and analyse causes. (National Curriculum Science Programme of Study, 2014)


Here at Dersingham we teach Science weekly as a separate subject.  Where possible we link our Science units to our overall Topics.  We use a variety of resources, visitors and educational visits to ensure children gain a good understanding of scientific concepts.  Please see below for the topics covered each term by each year group.

Year Group

Autumn Term 

Spring Term

Summer Term


Plant Detectives/Using our Senses

Children learn to identify a variety of common plants, including deciduous and evergreen trees.  They can identify and describe the basic structure of common flowering plants.

Children learn to identify, name, draw and label the basic parts of the human body and say which part of the body is associated with each sense.


Everyday Materials

Children learn to identify and name a variety of everyday materials and describe their simple physical properties.  They can distinguish between an object and the material from which it is made. They can compare and group together a variety of everyday materials on the basis of their simple physical properties.




Looking at Animals

Children learn to identify and name a variety of common animals including, reptiles, fish, amphibians, birds and mammals.  They can explain the difference between carnivores, herbivores and omnivores and can name animals for each.



Children learn to identify and compare the suitability of a variety of everyday materials for everyday uses.  They investigate how the shapes of solid objects can be made from some materials can be changed by squashing, bending, twisting and stretching.

Growing Up

Children learn about the importance for humans of exercise, eating the right amounts of different types of food and hygiene.  They also learn about and describe the basic needs of animals, including humans for survival (water, food and air)

What’s in your habitat?

Children learn about the habitats of various animals and plants.  They understand that most living things are suited to their habitat and can describe how.  They learn how animals obtain food and can describe a simple food chain.

Children also observe and describe how seeds and bulbs grow into mature plants and describe what a plant needs to grow.



Children learn to identify the different types of teeth in humans and describe their functions.  

They also complete a unit on Sound - learning how sounds are made through vibration in a range of different musical instruments from around the world; and find out how the pitch and volume of sounds can be changed in a variety of ways.


Children learn to compare and group together different kinds of rocks on the basis of their appearance and simple physical properties.  They also learn about fossils and soil.

Children also learn about different forces - comparing how things move on different surfaces.  They also learn about magnets - observing how magnets attract or repel each other and attract some materials and not others. They also test which materials 


Children learn about light and shadows.  They notice that light is reflected from surfaces and that light from the sun can be dangerous.

They recognise that shadows are formed when the light from a light source is blocked by an opaque object. 

Children also learn to identify and describe the functions of different parts of flowering plants: roots, stem/trunk, leaves and flowers. They explore the requirements of plants for life and growth (air, light, water, nutrients from soil, and room to grow) and how they vary from plant to plant.


Living things and their Habitats

Children learn to construct and interpret a variety of food chains, identifying producers, predators and prey.

They learn to recognise that living things can be grouped in a variety of ways.  Children explore and use classification keys to help group, identify and name a variety of living things in their local and wider environment.


Children learn to identify common appliances that run on electricity and construct a simple series electrical circuit, identifying and naming its basic parts.  They investigate circuits and learn to recognise that a switch opens and closes a circuit and associate this with whether or not a lamp lights in a simple series circuit.

Children learn to identify that animals, including humans, need the right types and amount of nutrition, and that they cannot make their own food; they get nutrition from what they eat.  They identify that humans and some other animals have skeletons and muscles for support, protection and movement.


Children learn to compare and group materials, according to whether they are solids, liquids or gases.  They observe that some materials change state when they are heated or cooled, and measure or research the temperature at which this happens in degrees Celsius (°C).  They also learn to identify the part played by evaporation and condensation in the water cycle and associate the rate of evaporation with temperature.


Earth & Beyond/Feel the Force

Children learn to describe the movements of the planets and the Moon, in relation to the Sun and Earth.  They can explain day and night using their knowledge of the Earth’s rotation.  They investigate the effects of gravity, air and water resistance and friction.  They use this knowledge of forces to recognise that some mechanisms allow a smaller force to have a greater effect.

Circle of Life/Human Circulatory System

Children learn about the life cycles of a variety of animals, including humans.  They are able to explain the changes in humans as they grow.  Children can also identify and name the main parts of the human circulatory system, and describe the functions of the heart, blood vessels and blood.  They recognise the impact external materials (drugs, alcohol, lifestyle, diet) can have on the way bodies function.


Children learn to compare and group materials on the basis of their properties.  They use their knowledge of solids, liquids and gases to experiment with dissolving, separating, filtering and evaporating. They are able to state which changes are reversible and which are irreversible. They carry out fair tests on the durability of a range of materials.



Children learn to use recognised symbols when representing a simple circuit in a diagram.  They learn to compare and give reasons for variations in how components function, including brightness of bulbs, loudness of buzzers and on/off position

Children also learn to recognise that light appears in straight lines, and to use this knowledge to explain how objects are seen.  Children can explain why shadows have the same shape as the object that cast them.



Children learn to describe common classification groups for micro organisms, plants and animals.  They classify plants and animals and explain their reasoning.

Children also learn to describe the life processes of reproduction in some plants and animals.  They use this knowledge to describe the changes as humans develop to old age


If you have any questions regarding Science at Dersingham, please contact the School Office and ask to make an appointment with the Science Co-Ordinator.  This is currently Mrs Akinfie.